(1865-1936) was born in Bombay, but educated in England at the United Services

College, Westward Ho, Bideford. In 1882 he returned to India, where he worked for

Anglo-Indian newspapers. His literary career began with Departmental Ditties (1886), but

subsequently he became chiefly known as a writer of short stories. A prolific writer, he

achieved fame quickly. Kipling was the poet of the British Empire and its yeoman, the common

soldier, whom he glorified in many of his works, in particular Plain Tales from the Hills (1888)

and Soldiers Three (1888), collections of short stories with roughly and affectionately drawn

soldier portraits. His Barrack Room Ballads (1892) were written for, as much as about, the

common soldier. In 1894 appeared his Jungle Book, which became a children's classic all over the

world. Kim (1901), the story of Kimball O'Hara and his adventures in the Himalayas, is perhaps his

most felicitous work. Other works include The Second Jungle Book (1895), The Seven Seas (1896),

Captains Courageous (1897), The Day's Work (1898), Stalky and Co. (1899), Just So Stories (1902),

Trafficks and Discoveries (1904), Puck of Pook's Hill (1906), Actions and Reactions (1909), Debits and

Credits (1926), Thy Servant a Dog (1930), and Limits and Renewals (1932). During the First World War

Kipling wrote some propaganda books. His collected poems appeared in 1933.

Kipling was the recipient of many honorary degrees and other awards. In 1926 he received the Gold Medal of

the Royal Society of Literature, which only Scott, Meredith, and Hardy had been awarded before him.

From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969.

This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel.

It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

Rudyard Kipling died on January 18, 1936.